Key Components of a Data Centre
A data centre is a building that houses IT equipment used for communication and data storage. Data centre management can be done in a small server closet or in a large building. Note that data centres are built for operating IT equipment. In the digital era, technology has increasingly become more important. Not only are computers and mobile devices used for entertainment and personal pursuit, they are also used by corporations to carry out business tasks. All these devices, applications, and programs require computing support. Again, the data they create needs to be stored and made accessible to users.
Besides housing IT equipment, a data centre network connects servers, technology, and infrastructure needed to support processes in an organization. As enterprises increasingly switch to cloud-based solutions, data centres have become even a more critical component of an organization. Here are the components of a data centre.
Servers and Racks
The main purpose of setting up a data centre is to house the servers needed to support client applications and websites as well as infrastructure management. Servers are arranged in ranks. These ranks can be placed in a specific configuration within the managed hosting to optimize cooling.
Power is needed to keep all equipment up and running. Data centres usually have redundant electricity and often a backup generator to provide reliable power in case of power outage. An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) ensures that the quality remains constant even after a power outage. It compensates for frequency and voltage fluctuations to effectively protect sensitive electronic components and systems.
Computers and systems are connected to the internet connection to enable the access of IT solutions. Data is distributed to and from the server by a system of network switches. Depending on the density, a data centre can have one or more switches per rack.
Data centres usually have a range of security devices to limit access to the virtual environment and physical building. The server room is protected by several technologies to mitigate damage from storms and reduce seismic movement from earthquakes. They also have fire safety systems to prevent damage from external and internal fires.
Data centres usually have several monitoring systems to help operators manage the working environment. Monitoring systems help monitor energy consumption, temperature, and relative humidity. For those of you interested, the Carbon60 Networks website has more information available.
In a data centre, computing equipment usually emit a considerable amount of heat. In this case, cooling systems help prevent overheating. Cooling systems can use water, glycol, and chilled air to cool the room.
Policies and procedures
Besides these components, data centre operators are guided by a set of policies and procedures. That helps maintain efficiency within the facility.